Both steel and wrought iron fencing give your home an elegance and appeal that’s unmatched by other fencing materials, as well as strength and durability that can last a lifetime. Despite their similarities however, steel and wrought iron are two different metals with different amounts of carbon and their own unique benefits, so there are a few things to consider in deciding which is appropriate for your home.
When it is in its natural form, iron is a raw element that is harvested from the earth. Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon content, which differs from pure iron or cast iron. Wrought iron is a tough, malleable and corrosion – resistant material which can be easily welded in comparison to pure iron. Historically, wrought iron was highly sought-after to make swords, chisels, axes and other cutlery, as well as files and springs. A small amount of wrought iron was refined into steel, however, and as the steelmaking process became easier and less expensive, steel took the place of wrought iron.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, as well as some other elements. With a high strength and low cost, it became a good material for buildings, tools, ships, machines, appliances, automobiles, weapons and infrastructure. Steel has been around for centuries, but its commercial use only came about in the 17th century. Before that, the process was too difficult and expensive, but continued progress in steel production eventually led to it being a practical option for a variety of metalwork.
When it comes to rusting, wrought iron gates are prone to rust. Whereas, with steel because of its nickel and chromium elements it more resistant to rust. However, if wrought iron is maintained properly, it can stand the test of time.
Overall, both wrought iron and steel are very similar. This is why it is important to look at the differences between both. Because both types of metal fencing can last for decades or longer, the strength, durability, versatility, longevity and aesthetic appeal of each should all be weighed carefully in choosing the right option for your property.